Barcelona Alzheimer Treatment & Research Center

online exercises

language

Write 15 words starting with TA that are not the names of people or countries.

Example: Tambourine

Write 15 words starting with NI that are not the names of people or countries.

Example: Night

Put the following words into alphabetical order:

  1. ERUPTION
  2. UNTIL
  3. HATCHET
  4. TRIUMPHANT
  5. AVENGER
  1. SHELL
  2. NAUSEA
  3. BULB
  4. LOAD
  5. JUDGE
  1. CORNER
  2. SPONGE
  3. KEYS
  4. MIRROR
  5. GOLD
  1. RADIO
  2. VALID
  3. SEAT
  4. ZOO
  5. BOOKLET

Put the following words into alphabetical order:

  1. NOUGAT
  2. BUTCHER
  3. BELL
  4. WHALE
  5. ICE
  1. GUST
  2. NOTION
  3. TOURIST
  4. SONG
  5. WOUND
  1. CONTAINER
  2. DOG
  3. MUSIC
  4. SUBTRACT
  5. BISCUIT
  1. CONTAINER
  2. DOG
  3. MUSIC
  4. SUBTRACT
  5. BISCUIT

Put the following words into alphabetical order:

  1. ANIMATION
  2. EVIDENT
  3. TELEVISION
  4. REEF
  5. SON
  1. FAN
  2. EAR
  3. SINISTER
  4. GOD
  5. HAPPY
  1. NONE
  2. CHALLENGE
  3. COAL
  4. MOUTH
  5. LIEUTENANT
  1. YOUTH
  2. PUPPET
  3. SHORT
  4. CARROT
  5. GIANT

Write a sentence or short story using words from the same group.

Example:

HOUSE – CAR – WARDROBE – SHIRT

I took my shirt from the wardrobe, quickly got dressed then left the house to drive the car to work.

  1. PARTY – DRINKS – PRESENTS – NIGHT
  2. UMBRELLA – RAIN – CHRISTMAS EVE – FOOD
  3. CARRIAGE – PRINCESS – TRUMPET – ROYAL

memory

Objectives: To intervene in episodic memory

Instructions: Read the following story to the patient and then have them respond to the questions that follow.

Jorge Pérez left the house every morning to go to work. On Monday, Jorge had to arrive early to go to a staff meeting. But on Sunday night, he forgot to set his alarm and he overslept the next morning. When he got to work, the meeting had already finished.

1- What is the main character’s name?
2- Why did he leave the house every morning?
3- Did he set his alarm on Sunday night?
4- In the morning, did he wake up in time to get to work?

Write down 20 objects that can be found in the street.
Example: Benches.

Objectives: To intervene in numerical memory.

Instructions: The patient must remember the numbers that are read out to them, and add them together.

4, 8, 9 (21)
7, 6, 4 (17)
6, 7, 2 (15)

2, 3, 1 (6)
9, 4, 5 (18)
9, 3, 4 (16)

4, 8, 2, 5 (19)
1, 2, 3, 4 (10)
4, 5, 6, 7 (22)

8, 2, 0, 1 (11)
1, 1, 1, 9 (12)
6, 5, 2, 8 (21)

Write down 35 objects that can be found in a dance hall.
Example: dance floor.

Write down 10 objects that can be found in a church.
Example: Pews.

Read them the following sentences one at a time and ask them to repeat them:
– We’re going to the beach this afternoon.
– This spring will be drier than last spring.
– My son has been studying to go to university.
– The audience was satisfied with the painter’s exhibition.
– In summer we will visit my parents, who live in Soria.
– Our next-door neighbour has bought a new pet.
– The prime minister has held a conference to talk about climate change.

Explain that they are going to do an exercise where they must use arrows to show different historical monuments and their cities.

Example: the Autonomous Communities of Spain where they can be found…

  • ALHAMBRA
  • PUERTA DE ALCALÁ
  • CATEDRAL DE SANTIAGO
  • SAGRADA FAMILIA
  • GUGGENHEIM
  • CATALUÑA
  • GALICIA
  • COMUNIDAD DE MADRID
  • ANDALUCÍA
  • PAÍS VASCO

short-term memory

Say a series of words that do not make sense. Now, you must repeat the words I say, with the same rhythm and intonation.
Three-syllable pseudowords:

  1. pi-te-la
  2. na-fa-co
  3. ce-no-tu
  4. per-ca-do
  5. bu-lo-ca
  6. li-za-do
  1. ma-un-po
  2. ri-pe-ta
  3. ka-sa-lo
  4. ga-ha-fa
  5. nu-po-la
  6. re-te-ra

Say a series of words that do not make sense. Now, you must repeat the words I say, with the same rhythm and intonation.
Three-syllable pseudowords:

  1. ra-ju-ne
  2. ro-ne-la
  3. pi-ol-ca
  4. la-ni-po
  5. bu-co-ti
  6. le-ma-ni
  1. si-za-ma
  2. ri-le-ma
  3. sa-ka-no
  4. di-je-ma
  5. xa-yo-nu
  6. re-te-pe

Say a series of words that do not make sense. Now, you must repeat the words I say, with the same rhythm and intonation.
Three-syllable pseudowords:

  1. na-jo-ca
  2. ir-za-lo
  3. co-pe-fa
  4. ti-con-ra
  5. re-ne-ve
  6. lo-de-sa
  1. si-za-ma
  2. clo-jo-pe
  3. tre-bu-li
  4. chri-la-po
  5. li-tro-ca
  6. le-na-po

working memory

Ask them to spell out the following words, normally and then backwards:
LAGOON – HOSEPIPE – WINDOW – SPHINX – DOORS – ANALGESIC – MINERAL

Ask them to spell out the following words, normally and then backwards
WINTER – TEAR – ATTENTION – CHILDREN – TRANSPLANT – CURTAIN – MAGAZINE

Ask them to spell out the following words, normally and then backwards
BISCUIT – ASTONISHED – INHERIT – TRAM – HEAD – IRREVERSIBLE – HALLUCINATION – RIGHTS – FREEDOM

attention span

Objectives: To intervene in numerical memory

Instructions: The patient must remember the numbers that are read out to them, and add them together.

8 8 4 8

R R R U

l k k k

7 3 7 7

a a o a

B B B D

1 1 3 1

6 6 6 4

g h h h

4 2 4 4

I I I L

9 8 9 9

Put the following numbers in order from smallest to largest:
256 – 78 – 10.290 – 5.865 – 456 – 2.900 – 654.390 – 2 – 783 – 6.098 – 45 – 4.578 – 34 – 74.897 – 32.459 – 632 – 98.340 – 321 – 54 – 9.000

You must draw a circle around the letter or number in each series that is the odd one out.

2 2 2 5

A N A A

r r d r

0 8 0 0

W V V V

K K K L

8 3 3 3

9 9 4 9

c c c n

1 1 7 1

M M M N

4 4 4 7

Write down 35 objects that can be found in a dance hall.
Example: dance floor.

Write down 10 objects that can be found in a church.
Example: Pews.

Read them the following sentences one at a time and ask them to repeat them:
– We’re going to the beach this afternoon.
– This spring will be drier than last spring.
– My son has been studying to go to university.
– The audience was satisfied with the painter’s exhibition.
– In summer we will visit my parents, who live in Soria.
– Our next door neighbour has bought a new pet.
– The prime minister has held a conference to talk about climate change.

Explain that they are going to do an exercise where they must use arrows to show different historical monuments and their cities.

Example: the Autonomous Communities of Spain where they can be found…

  • ALHAMBRA
  • PUERTA DE ALCALÁ
  • CATEDRAL DE SANTIAGO
  • SAGRADA FAMILIA
  • GUGGENHEIM
  • CATALUÑA
  • GALICIA
  • COMUNIDAD DE MADRID
  • ANDALUCÍA
  • PAÍS VASCO

verbal fluency

Now, you must write down 20 words beginning with LE- that are not the names of people or cities.

Now, you must write down 20 words beginning with CA- that are not the names of people or cities.

Now, you must write down 20 words beginning with CA- that are not the names of people or cities.

praxis

Draw a rectangle and a diamond. Then, somewhere else, draw a diamond with a circle inside it.

Draw the following shapes on three different pieces of paper: a triangle, a diamond and a cube.

Objectives: To intervene in constructive praxis

Instructions: Take a blank sheet of paper and draw the following.

Screenshot_1

Instructions: Read the following text to your family member for him/her to copy down.

“One very dark night, there was a cat looking for food in the trees near Anselmo’s farm. The hens were scared because they could hear the howls of wolves coming down from the nearby mountains…”

mental control

Objectives: To intervene in memory and mental control.

Instructions: Listen carefully. In a moment I am going to spell out a series of words. Once I finish, you will have to tell me what the word was.

S-O-N

G-O-D

D-U-M-B

F-A-S-T

S-E-R-V-A-N-T

P-A-P-E-R

T-I-T-A-N-S

A-N-G-R-Y

P-Y-R-A-M-I-D

Objectives: To intervene in memory and mental control.

Instructions: Listen carefully. In a moment I am going to spell out a series of words. Once I finish, you will have to tell me what the word was.

B-E-E

M-I-L-K

W-A-L-K

M-O-U-S-E

S-A-L-E-S

T-O-U-C-H

D-O-N-K-E-Y

S-T-O-R-M

D-I-R-T

W-O-R-K

H-A-L-L

L-I-G-H-T-N-I-N-G

agnosia

Objectives: To intervene in agnosia.

Instructions: Tell me if the faces I am about to show you are happy, sad or angry. This exercise requires a magazine with faces (whether they are famous or not).

Objectives: To intervene on agnosia.

Instructions: Tell me what colour these things are:

  • Pear
  • Chestnuts
  • Banana
  • Cherries
  • Mandarin
  • Tree trunk
  • Blood
  • Leaves
  • Radish
  • Gold

other

Objectives: To intervene in numerical processing.

Instructions: Read the following statements, ensuring that your family member is paying attention.

– Say a number between 34 and 41
– Say a number between 321 and 327

– What numbers are between 65 and 72?
– What numbers are between 724 and 728?

– Say a number greater than 13 and smaller than 34
– Say a number greater than 655 and smaller than 878

– Say two numbers that come before 900
– Say two numbers that come after 534

Similarities and differences.
Objectives: To intervene in executive functions

Instructions: Ask them how the following group of words are differentiated

– A bee and an ant
– A handball and a basketball
– A sofa and an armchair
– An air conditioner and a heater
– A pen and a pencil

Executive functions.
Objectives: To intervene in executive functions.

Instructions: Ask them to say or write at least two necessary steps:

– To change a wheel on a car
– To have a shower
– To prepare breakfast
– To find a street

Writing about life experiences.
Objectives: To intervene in biographical memory and praxis.

Instructions: Ask the family member to write about some event from their past. If they don’t know what to write about, you can suggest topics like their communion, their wedding day, their first child, etc.

Repeating sentences.
Objectives: Cognitive intervention in working memory, language and attention span.

Instructions: You can tell your family member that they are going to do an exercise where they must repeat phrases that you read to them. To do that, they must pay attention to each sentence.

– Elena and Antonio are expecting a baby.
– Lisbon aquarium is very nice.
– My sister Silvia works in a medical centre.
– These holidays, we are going on a long trip abroad.
– I need sun cream to go to the beach.
– Marcos works in the neighbourhood post office.
– We need to make an appointment to go to the dentist’s.
– This summer has been really hot.
– We are going to buy prawns and langoustines to make a paella.
– We are going to plant coloured daisies in the garden.

If you would like more exercises, you can visit the informative books section of the page.