10 tips for the well-being of people with dementia during confinement
In view of the situation generated by the SARS-COV-2 coronavirus, in which many families are confined to their homes, it is especially relevant to pay attention to people with dementia or Alzheimer's, since they usually have a routine set up that allows them to function with a certain amount of autonomy for as long as possible, but it has suddenly been interrupted.
The team of experts at the ACE Foundation agrees that drawing up a schedule of their own is essential. The 10 tips from professionals to organise it are as follows:
Follow a schedule adapted to the situation. It is not necessary to get up early, but it is necessary to establish a schedule to get up. At night, it is important to maintain the usual schedule for going to sleep and thus preserve your sleeping habits, as this will prevent you from suffering from fatigue during the day.
Maintaining habits. Even if we spend the day at home during confinement, it is essential to maintain hygiene and dressing habits, so as not to fall into apathy and lack of personal care.
Eating healthy. It is necessary to follow a varied and balanced diet within the possibilities, avoiding heavy meals. It is necessary to ensure that the diet is rich in fibre to avoid constipation in the event of a fall in physical activity. It is important to follow a good hydration.
Planning times for socialization. Video calls can be made with grandchildren, siblings, friends... These relationships are important to minimize the feeling of loneliness, both for the person being cared for and the caregiver.
Perform cognitive stimulation activities. You can find easy activities that you like and combine them. Some examples are doing sudoku, reading aloud, copying poems or texts, word exercises... The tools can be anything from paper and pencil to digital tablets, if you know how to use them.
Carry out creative activities. Undoubtedly, continuing with the activities that are usually done will help to maintain a good mood. From crocheting, origami crafts or bookmarks, or, in the case of those who are at a more advanced stage, painting a box or cutting out figures from magazines.
Get them involved. It is important that those affected participate in simple household tasks, such as watering the plants, sweeping or setting the table; although it is necessary to understand that they may make mistakes. The feeling of being useful to the household will boost their self-esteem.ou.
Practice physical activity. Moving and doing some physical activity is important during confinement: you can climb stairs or do exercises that move your body within the possibilities - for example, dancing. It is recommended that these activities be carried out in the morning, if possible interspersed with more sedentary activities, and not when tired or before going to sleep.
Take care of yourself. Painting your nails, combing your hair or massaging your feet or hands are some of the most frequent and simple actions you can take for your own well-being. But it is also necessary to find time to listen to music that you like, for example.
Spend time on your interests. If the person regularly develops spirituality, whether it is through guided mindfulness meditations or prayer, for example, it is also recommended that time be devoted to it to promote peace of mind.
Home confinement can generate situations where emotions are uncontrollable, according to the caregivers who are contacting the ACE Foundation team these days. The advice is unanimous in this sense: change activity, do not get into a discussion and keep calm and, if it does not work, contact the referring doctor.
More information in this link.